Sleep Apnea Treatment in Ridgeland, MS
Every person would love to have an undisturbed or uninterrupted sleep at night. But for someone with sleep apnea, their sleep gets interrupted mostly at every interval. Sleep apnea is a disorder where the person gets their sleep interrupted due to one or more pauses in their breathing. The pause may last for a few seconds to minutes and repeats for more than a hundred times, if not treated at the earliest it might stop oxygen supply to the brain and the rest of the body.
Types of Sleep Apnea:
Probably the most typical sleeping disorder among adults is sleep apnea. The term "Apnea" means a temporary cessation of breathing during sleep. In practice, while asleep people experience a pause in their breathing, these abnormal pauses might occur up to 30 times per hour and it lasts from a few seconds to only as much. Without being identified, sleep disorder symptoms can go on. Diagnosing sleep apnea requires an overnight sleep study which is medically done in a setting.
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA):
When the soft tissue in the back of the throat partially or completely blocks the upper airway passage during sleep it causes obstructive sleep apnea. Most people are frequently diagnosed with this and it commonly occurs in men, it gradually increases with age.
Central Sleep Apnea (CSA):
Central sleep apnea causes the brain to send incorrect signals to the breathing muscles stopping the individual from breathing. It usually occurs in adults as a result of other underlying medical conditions like a heart failure, kidney failure, thyroid disease,etc. wheras in infants it occurs due to prematurity and neurological disorders.
Complex Mixed Sleep Apnea:
As the name implies this is a combination of both OSA and CSA. Most frequently, complex mixed sleep apnea develops in subjects who have severe OSA for a very long period of time.
Who are at the risk of Sleep Apnea?
Anyone can be affected by Sleep Apnea irrespective of age, gender. Risk factors of Sleep Apnea include:
- Neck circumference (for men 17 inches and for women 16 inches is ideal)
- Person with large tonsils, tongue or a small jaw bone
- Family History
- Gastroesophageal reflux or heart burning
- Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, or sinus problems
What are the effects of Sleep Apnea?
If a person comes to know that they have sleep apnea, then it must be treated at the earliest. If it is left untreated, then it may lead further disorders like:
- High blood pressure
- Heart attacks, failures and irregular heartbeats
- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD)
Sleep apnea if left untreated can greatly effect your daily life due to excessive daytime sleepiness or daytime fatigue reducing your performance at work or school.
Treatments for Sleep Apnea:
The best course of treatment for sleep apnea is Continuous positive airway pressure therapy (CPAP) . CPAP blows air through a mask mounted over the nose and mouth to the sleeper's airway, eliminating snoring and apnea episodes and forcing the airway to remain open. The CPAP is made up of a portable machine that has a fan, tubes and a mask.
The individual must wear the mask that's connected to a hose which is long, over the nose during sleep. CPAP blows air into the mask, this constant air pressure could be modulated and relieves the tissue blocking the airway passage at the back of the throat.
There are a number of machines and masks available, but they're all essentially the same. Air pressure through the mask keeps the throat open and cleans the obstructions thus enabling you to breathe normally. Breathing normally adjusts the pressure accordingly through the night. Another excellent benefit is that some machines even learn your breathing patterns and are helpful, thereby acting as two machines instead of one.