Periodic Limb Movements treatment in Ridgeland,MS
The condition which is characterized by twitching, flexing, and jerking movements of the legs and arms during sleep leads to Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD). It is also referred to as periodic leg movement during sleep (PLMS). The movement of legs typically occurs every 20 to 40 seconds and lasts for a few minutes. In some cases, it might take hours or throughout the night.
People with PLMD are unaware of their condition, and its frequency. Mostly people stay awake at night and experience excessive sleepiness and tiredness during the day. PLMD can occur with other sleep disorders. Some similarities exist between the symptoms and treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and PLMD, and some people today consider them part of the condition. The principal distinction between the two diseases is that PLMD occurs during sleep and RLS is a type of disorder where the person gets a strange sensation in their legs while awake and an uncontrollable desire to make a movement in their legs to get relieved from the sensation. It is observed that 80% of the people who are suffering from RLS is also has PMLD but the vice-versa is not true.
Primary PLMD isn't considered medically serious, although complications arising from the condition can cause issues. The main cause for PLMD is unknown according to the National Sleep Foundation. Secondary PLMD is connected to medication usage or disorders. Among the risk factors, the main symptom is motion of the limbs during sleep. The physician might consider this medically serious and conduct tests. These tests can also identify any problems with thyroid function and magnesium levels.
People experiencing signs of PLMD might want to complete a sleep diary for 2 weeks before the physical exam. A Polysomnogram (PSG) records sleep, breathing, movement, along with other bioelectrical signals, such as brain waves and heartbeat during sleep. A neurologist can be asked to check for other neurological problems. In several cases, physicians might recommend additional tests in a sleep lab. Treatment might improve signs of PLMD however, it doesn't usually cure the disorder. Especially if it is primary PLMD, that has no known cause. If in that case recommended additional tests in a sleep lab don't significantly disturb sleep or impact your daily life or relationships, therapy isn't necessary.